The term sexual harassment refers to unwelcomed advances, requests for favors, or any other conduct of a sexual nature that affects work performance or creates an offensive work environment. In addition to creating a hostile work environment, sexual harassment may involve blackmail, bribes, threats, or promises tied to an expectation the employee will submit to the demands of a manager or supervisor.
Sexual harassment can consist of blackmail or sexual bribes (threats or promises) in addition to a hostile work environment which may include unwanted sexual advances, request for sexual favors and other forms of verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature that interferes with the individual's work performance or creates an intimidating or hostile working environment.
Sexual harassment laws are enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). In its guidelines, the EEOC has defined sexual harassment as:
"Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment when this conduct explicitly or implicitly affects an individual's employment, unreasonably interferes with an individual's work performance, or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work environment.
Sexual harassment can occur in a variety of circumstances, including but not limited to the following:
The following types of sexual harassment are typically prohibited in the workplace: