Along with the charismatic and transitional leader, the bureaucratic leadership style was first described by Max Weber in 1947. The bureaucratic style is based on following normative rules, and adhering to lines of authority. The characteristics of this style aligned with Weber's description of transactional leaders.
Weber was the first to distinguish between transactional leaders, such as bureaucratic leaders, and transformational leaders, such as charismatic leaders. The transactional leader motivates followers through systematic rewards and punishments. Weber also believed that most leaders exhibited characteristics of all three styles.
The characteristics of the bureaucratic style include: