Whether the car is used to drive back and forth to college, or a recent graduate needs basic transportation to a new job, finding the best car for a college student (or high school) is all about striking the right balance.
In this article, we're going to outline a thought process that parents should use when shopping for a new car for young drivers. We'll start by describing the high-level attributes to look for in a car, and finish up with a list of three new vehicles that include the balance we're looking for when buying one.
The easiest way to narrow the field of acceptable cars is to start with a list of requirements. These are the ideal attributes of the car. For example, it must be:
We're talking about a process, and this is a good starting point because now we have the requirements of the car. The next step is going to involve some research. The best place to start is with cost or price. There are many makes and models of automobiles on the road today, but we're looking for a good "starter" car.
Everything is relative, so affordable to one person might be expensive to another. Since we're talking about new cars, we're going to start with vehicles that are selling for less than $20,000. We found 50 make and model combinations that sold for less than $20,000, so we narrowed the field even further to less than $18,000. This left 28 from which to choose.
For anyone shopping for a less expensive vehicle, this same approach would apply to the used car market.
Our list includes 2017 model years, but with the recent economic pressure on car manufacturers, this list could be a good starting point in 2018 or even 2019. The table below contains the 28 new cars screened for affordability:
|Chevrolet Cruze Sedan||Kia Forte Sedan|
|Chevrolet Sonic Hatchback||Kia Rio Hatchback|
|Chevrolet Sonic Sedan||Kia Rio Sedan|
|Chevrolet Spark Hatchback||Kia Soul Wagon|
|FIAT 500 Convertible||Mazda 3 Sedan|
|FIAT 500 Hatchback||Mitsubishi Lancer Sedan|
|Ford Fiesta Hatchback||Mitsubishi Mirage G4 Sedan|
|Ford Fiesta Sedan||Mitsubishi Mirage Hatchback|
|Ford Focus Sedan||Nissan Sentra Sedan|
|Honda Fit Hatchback||Nissan Versa Note Hatchback|
|Hyundai Accent Hatchback||Nissan Versa Sedan|
|Hyundai Accent Sedan||smart fortwo Hatchback|
|Hyundai Elantra Sedan||Toyota Yaris Hatchback|
|Jeep Renegade SUV||Toyota Yaris iA Sedan|
|Kia Forte Sedan||Volkswagen Jetta Sedan|
Now that we have a list of new cars that cost less than $18,000, we're going to apply filters for safety and reliability.
In this step in the process, we're going to screen these same cars for their safety records. Here we're using information from Safercar.gov, which is published by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration or NHTSA.
The vehicle safety research conducted by this program uses a Five Star Safety Rating system, where the highest rating a vehicle can receive is the 5-star rating. The rating is based on the chances a passenger will sustain a serious injury when striking a barrier at 35 miles per hour. A 5-star rating indicates a 10% or less chance of a serious injury in this test.
We've filtered the list to include cars that achieved a 5-star overall rating, and those cars that achieved at least a 4-star rating for side impacts. A 5-star rating in the side impact test indicates a 5% or less chance of a serious injury, while a 4-star rating indicates a 6 to 10% chance of a serious injury.
The table below contains the five cars that passed the requirements for safety:
Please note that each of the cars in this list is equipped with Side Air Bags (SAB) and 2017 model years were tested.
Because less experienced drivers are statistically more likely to be involved in an accident, we've eliminated SUVs, ultra-small vehicles, and trucks from our list. These vehicles are too small, or too easy to rollover to have a young driver behind the wheel. If budgets were to permit, it's also a good idea to eliminate vehicles with high performance engines. Fast cars and inexperienced drivers are not a good combination.
The safety filter used above has narrowed our list from 28 affordable cars down to just five makes / model lines that meet the safety criteria too. Let's see how these cars made out in reliability ratings.
Our reliability measures are going to be based on ratings published by Consumer Reports, which operates one of the largest independent automobile testing centers in the world. The reliability ratings are based on subscriber experiences with 1.4 million vehicles.
Keep in mind that reliability is based on real-world experience, so the ratings will always lag the current model year. For example, the 2016 ratings will involve experience with older models that have been driven for several years. Using historical information, Consumer Reports develops a new car reliability prediction. Example ratings are shown in the table below:
|Hyundai Elantra Sedan||Better than Average|
|Mazda 3 Sedan||Better than Average|
|Nissan Sentra Sedan||Average|
|Toyota Yaris iA Sedan||Much Better than Average|
|Volkswagen Jetta Sedan||Much Worse than Average|
If our requirements state the car must be considered reliable (average or much better than average), then we've narrowed our list down to just three cars. At this point, we've found a good choice of cars for college students that are inexpensive, safe, and reliable.
This last statement takes us back to something mentioned earlier. By all measures, these cars should service the needs of a college student very well. These are not cheaply made cars. They're quality vehicles that represent a very good value. The only step we have left now is to find something with style.
It's often surprising how young people react when they're looking for their first car. Some teenagers will be grateful for anything with four wheels, while others will insist on driving a car that projects the status they believe they've achieved.
Not every student will be happy selecting from a relatively narrow list of cars chosen by their parents. But often a middle ground can be found by allowing the student to participate in the final selection process and / or picking the color of the car.
By allowing the student to participate in the decision-making process, they're going to believe their opinions are valued. In turn, they should feel a greater sense of pride in the car, and should treat it with the respect this investment deserves.
About the Author - Selecting Cars for College Students