## Definition

The term future value is used to describe the worth of an asset at a later time. Future value is a nominal sum of money received in the future, assuming a given rate of interest earned.

### Calculation

Future Value (Simple Interest Formula) = PV x (1 + (R x T))

Where:

- PV = the present value of the asset
- R = the rate of interest earned in each period
- T = the fraction, or number of periods, the interest is earned

Future Value (Compounding Formula) = PV x (1 + R)^{T}

Where:

- PV = the present value of the asset
- R = the rate of interest earned in each period
- T = the number of periods over which the interest is earned

### Explanation

As the name implies, future value provides the analyst with insights into the worth of an asset at a future point in time. Unlike present value calculations, future value is not corrected for inflation and is stated in nominal dollars.

A future value calculation is frequently performed when investors want to understand the value of their money at a later date. This calculation can be performed using a simple interest or compounding formula:

**Simple Interest**: involves applying the rate to principal only
**Compounding Interest**: involves applying the rate to both principal and interest that has been earned but not yet paid or withdrawn

### Example

Lindsey has the choice between two investments. She can place $10,000 in Fund A for five years, promising simple interest of 10% per year. Alternatively, Fund B promises to provide a return of 9.50% compounded monthly for five years. Lindsey would like to determine the future value of each investment:

Fund A (Simple Interest)

= $10,000 x (1 + ( 0.10 x 5))

= $10,000 x (1 + 0.5)

= $10,000 x 1.500, or $15,000

Fund B (Monthly Compounding)

= $10,000 x (1 + 0.095/12)^{5 x12}

= $10,000 x (1 + 0.007919)^{60}

= $10,000 x 1.605, or $16,500

**Note**: In this example, monthly compounding requires the interest rate to be stated in months (9.5% / 12, or 0.007919) as well as the number of periods (12 months x 5 years, or 60 months)

### Related Terms

simple interest, compound interest, annual percentage rate, principal, effective interest rate or yield, ordinary annuity, annuity due