The term commodity trading advisor refers to an individual or organization that provides advice to a pool of investors in futures contracts and commodity options. Commodity trading advisors are regulated by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission as well as the National Futures Association.
A commodity pool is an enterprise in which funds are contributed by a number of investors. In doing so, they are able to gain leverage, participate in a greater number of trades and reduce risk. A commodity pool operator, or CMO, solicits funds and invests them on behalf of individuals. The CMO may provide this investment advice or they can hire a commodity trading advisor, also referred to as a CTA, to provide those services. Techniques used by CTAs fall into three broad categories:
Regardless of the approach, all CTAs are registered as a Commodity Trading Advisor with the National Futures Association and have typically passed the Series 3 National Commodity Futures Exam to demonstrate proficiency in the market.