The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), also known as the Stock Exchange Mumbai, is one of the oldest exchanges in all of Asia, dating back to 1875 when it was known as the Native Share and Stock Brokers Association.
The exchange is home to about 5,477 listed companies, with a total market capitalization of around $1.52 trillion (USD) as of September 2014. The BSE is also one of the busiest stock exchanges in the world, currently ranking around number six in terms of annual transactions. The exchange has experienced explosive growth, with a four-fold increase in trading volume over the last 15 years.
The vision of the Bombay Stock Exchange is "Emerge as the premier Indian stock exchange by establishing global benchmarks." This means the exchange is thinking big in terms of customer service and trading activity. The market has not only experienced explosive growth in terms of trading volume, but also in terms of overall return to investors.
The BSE has averaged a 15.1% annual return when measured by Sensex, the most popular stock index in India, over the last 10 years. Other important indices originating from the Bombay exchange include the BSE 100, BSE 500, BSEPSU, BSEMIDCAP, BSESMLCAP, and BSEBANKEX.
Protecting the interests of investors dealing in securities is one of the primary objectives of the exchange, which provides this additional security by ensuring remedy of grievances, whether this is against member companies or member / brokers. Overall guidelines for the marketplace are established by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).
The Bombay Stock Exchange has a national reach in India, claiming a presence in 296 towns and cities throughout the country. The exchange is operated through a unique and proprietary computer system known as the "BSE On Line Trading System" or BOLT. The exchange has also received ISO 9001:2000 certification in the areas of surveillance and clearing / settlement functions.
The following are some of the facts and figures for the volume of trading that occur on the Bombay Stock Exchange:
The BSE's list of public holidays and trading holidays are different than those found in U.S.-based stock exchanges such as the NYSE EuroNext. The following table show the holidays that will be observed during the calendar years 2014 and 2015:
|Republic Day||January 25, 2015|
|Maha Shivratri||February 17, 2015|
|Holi||March 6, 2015|
|Mahavir Jayanthi||April 2, 2015|
|Good Friday||April 3, 2015|
|May Day||May 1, 2015|
|Buddha Purnima||May 4, 2015|
|Ganesh Chaturthi||September 17, 2015|
|Mahatma Gandhi Jayanthi||October 2, 2015|
|Vijaya Dashami||October 22, 2015|
|Diwali||November 11, 2015|
|Guru Nanak Jayanthi||November 25, 2015|
|Id-E-Milad||December 24, 2015|
|Christmas||December 25, 2015|
|Milad-un-Nabi||January 14, 2014|
|Maha Shivratri||February 28, 2014|
|Holika Dahan||March 17, 2014|
|Ram Navami||April 8, 2014|
|Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Jayanti||April 14, 2014|
|Good Friday||April 18, 2014|
|Id-Ul-Fitr||July 28, 2014|
|Independence Day||August 15, 2014|
|Gandhi Jayanti||October 2, 2014|
|Dussehra/ Vijaya Dashami||October 6, 2014|
|Deepawali||October 23, 2014|
|Guru Nanak Jayanti||November 6, 2014|
|Christmas||December 25, 2014|
The following is a table of the session timing / hours of operation for trading that occurs on the BSE. These times apply to both the equities and derivatives markets. They also indicate the schedule for the start and finish of electronic trading sessions on the BSE.
|Beginning of the Day Session||8:00 - 9:00|
|Login Session||9:00 - 9:15|
|Trading Session||9:15 - 15:30|
|Position Transfer Session||15:30 - 15:50|
|Closing Session||15:50 - 16:05|
|Option Exercise Session||16:05 - 16:35|
|Margin Session||16:35 - 16:50|
|Query Session||16:50 - 17:35|
|End of Day Session||17:35|
The hours of operation for the BSE quoted above are stated in terms of the local time in Mumbai, India (also known as Bombay). This translates into a standard time zone UTC/GMT +5:30.
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