Fuel Efficient Cars, SUVs, Trucks and Vans

When gasoline prices first jumped in the summer of 2005, consumer interest in fuel efficient cars increased dramatically.  Individuals that were used to paying around $20 to fill up their cars were suddenly paying over $50.  That summer was a wake up call for everyone that thought paying $3.00 or more for a gallon of gasoline would never happen.

Fuel Efficient Technologies

We've already talked about some of the technologies that make cars more fuel efficient.  But as a reminder, efficiency is a function of the car's weight, friction, and the efficiency of the engine itself.  Producing a fuel efficient car means attacking all three of these areas.

We would expect the top performing automobiles on the market today to exhibit these types of characteristics:

  • Low Drag Coefficient:  Streamlined in appearance to reduce the car's wind drag.
  • Low Curb Weight:  Lighter cars simply take less energy to move around.
  • Advanced Engines:  This can include new technologies as well as utilizing different fuel sources such as alcohol, natural gas, and electricity.
  • Advanced Transmissions and Braking Systems: A lot of friction occurs in a car's transmission, and some advanced braking systems can actually be used to recover energy.

Top Fuel Efficient Vehicles

We're going to get right to the point, and provide a list of the most fuel-efficient cars on the road today (2017 / 2018 models).  Later, we will talk briefly about some of the concept cars that are going to hit the market in the next several years.

The list below contains the make and model of the car as well as the Miles per Gallon (MPG) rating for a combination of city and highway driving:

Cars

  • Two-Seaters: smart fortwo cabriolet, 0.9 L, 3 cyl, Auto(AM6), Premium Gas, 35MPG
  • Two-Seaters: smart fortwo coupe, 0.9 L, 3 cyl, Auto(AM6), Premium Gas, 35MPG
  • Minicompacts: Fiat 500e, A-1, 82 kW AC Induction EV, 112MPG
  • Subcompacts: BMW i3 BEV, A-1, 125 kW AC Induction EV, 124MPG
  • Compacts: Volkswagen e-Golf, A-1, 100 kW PMSM EV, 119MPG
  • Midsize: Hyundai Ioniq Electric, A-1, 88 kW PMSM EV, 136MPG
  • Large: Tesla Model S AWD - 60D, A-1 386 kW AC Induction EV, 104MPG
  • Large: Tesla Model S AWD - 90D, A-1 386 kW AC Induction EV, 104MPG

SUVs and Trucks

  • Small Station Wagons: Chevrolet Bolt, A-1, 150 kW ACPM EV, 119MPG
  • Midsize Station Wagons: Toyota Prius v, 1.8 L, 4 cyl, Automatic (variable gear ratios), Regular Gas Hybrid, 41MPG
  • Small Pickup Trucks: Chevrolet Colorado 2WD, 2.8 L, 4 cyl, Automatic 6-spd, Diesel, 25MPG
  • Small Pickup Trucks: GMC Canyon 2WD, 2.8 L, 4 cyl, Automatic 6-spd, Diesel, 25MPG
  • Standard Pickup Trucks:  Ford F150 Pickup 2WD, 2.7 L, 6 cyl, Automatic (S6), Turbo, 22MPG
  • Small Sport Utility Vehicles: BYD e6 , A-1, 75 kW PMSM EV, 72MPG
  • Small Sport Utility Vehicles: Nissan Rogue Hybrid FWD, 2.0 L, 4 cyl, Auto(AV-S7) Hybrid, 34MPG
  • Standard Sport Utility Vehicles: Tesla Model X AWD - 60D, A-1, 60 kW AC Induction EV, 93MPG
  • Standard Sport Utility Vehicles: Tesla Model X AWD - 75D, A-1, 75 kW AC Induction EV, 93MPG
  • Standard Sport Utility Vehicles: Lexus RX 450h AWD, 3.5 L, 6 cyl, Auto(AV-S6) Hybrid, 30MPG
  • Minivans: Chrysler Pacifica Plug-in Hybrid, 3.6 L, 6 cyl, Automatic (variable gear ratios) PHEV, 52MPG
  • Minivans:  Chrysler Pacifica, 3.6 L, 6 cyl, Automatic 9-spd, 22MPG
  • Minivans:  Chrysler Pacifica, 3.6 L, 6 cyl, Automatic 9-spd, 22MPG
  • Minivans: Honda Odyssey , 3.5 L, 6 cyl, Automatic 6-spd, 22MPG
  • Minivans:  Nissan Quest, 3.5 L, 6 cyl, Automatic (variable gear ratios), 22MPG
  • Minivans: Toyota Sienna , 3.5 L, 6 cyl, Automatic (S8), 22MPG
  • Vans, Passenger Type: Ford Transit T150 Wagon, 6 cyl, 3.5 L Automatic (S6), 16MPG
  • Vans, Passenger Type: Ford Transit T150 Wagon FFV, 6 cyl, 3.7 L Automatic (S6) FFV, 16MPG

Cars of the Future

Over the next several years, the industry is going to see an important new technology emerge:  fuel cells.  Right now, fuel cell vehicles (FCV) are not expected to reach the mass market until at least 2018, but this new technology has some manufacturers and environmentalists excited.

FCVs bring to the market such benefits as reduced emissions, lower dependence on foreign oil, as well as a fuel economy benefit.  That means a FCV is not only environmentally friendly, but it's also cheap (actually inexpensive) to operate.

Just like battery powered electric vehicles, FCVs are driven by electric motors.  But unlike electric vehicles with batteries, FCVs are able to generate their own electricity through a chemical process involving hydrogen gas and oxygen.

FCVs that are fueled by hydrogen gas will emit zero pollutants, only water and heat.  If hydrogen rich fuel such as methanol or natural gas is used, a reformer is utilized to extract the hydrogen atoms.

Fuel Cell Cars

These cars are so new that only prototypes are in development right now, but the results are encouraging.  The current list of FCV cars includes:

  • 2017 Toyota Mirai:  66 miles per kilogram city and 66 miles per kilogram on the highway.  Cruising range is currently 312 miles.
  • 2017 Hyundai Tucson:  48 miles per kilogram city and 50 miles per kilogram on the highway.  Cruising range is currently 265 miles.

With new technologies come new concepts too, such as miles per kilogram of fuel.  A kilogram is around 2.2 pounds of fuel, which is the way that hydrogen gas will be measured.  Another challenge with these vehicles right now is cruising range, which should only get better with time.


About the Author - Fuel Efficient Cars, SUVs, Trucks and Vans