This article will provide an overview of both credit card debt as well as several statistics related to mortgages too. This information is routinely gathered on a national basis by several government agencies. While some information might seem dated, this article was refreshed in October 2014.
We're first going to cover some of the work done by the Credit Research Center back in March 2002, including information on credit card use by college students. From there we'll move on to some more recent statistics published by the U.S. Census Bureau and the Federal Reserve. Then we'll finish up with some overall observations with respect to the debt burden carried by the average American family as well as bankruptcies in the United States.
At one time, Georgetown University ran a Credit Research Center that published arguably some of the best credit card research available at that time. In their March 2002 publication on credit card debt, they published some eye-opening statistics.
This work was done in collaboration with the National Foundation for Credit Counseling. This organization specializes in supplying quality credit counselors for those in need throughout the United States. The Credit Research Center also had access to information supplied by TransUnion, one of the largest credit reporting agencies in the world.
While 2002 may seem like old material, these research efforts are multi-year undertakings that involve following the habits of thousands of individuals. Funding and fielding these studies is a time-intensive undertaking. Summarizing some of the information collected from that study:
In that same year, the Research Center published information on the use of credit cards by college students, including:
The Federal Reserve is a very good source of credit card and other debt statistics. Current data gathered by this U.S. government agency includes:
According to the latest information gathered by the U.S. Census Bureau, there were 156 million credit card holders in the United States in 2009, and that number was projected to remain steady through 2011. These same Americans own approximately 1.2 billion cards, which is an average of eight credit cards issued per credit card holder.
Americans charged approximately $1.9 trillion to their credit cards in 2009. That works out to $12,500 in charges each year per cardholder. This information includes all credit card types such as bank cards, phone cards, as well as credit cards issued by oil companies and retail stores.
Finally, this data tells us that Americans carried approximately $886 billion in credit card debt, and that number was projected to shrink to $838 billion by the end of 2011. This works out to approximately $5,400 in credit card debt per cardholder (not household, as mentioned in the Federal Reserve statistics cited earlier).
The 2012 American Community Survey (ACS) published by the U.S. Census Bureau includes population, demographic, as well as housing estimates. The 2012 survey indicates the following concerning mortgages in the United States:
The Federal Reserve also reports what is called the household debt service ratio, or DSR. This measure provides insights into the ratio of all debt payments to disposable income. Unlike payments to credit cards, this statistic measures the debt load associated with basic living expenses such as owning a car and home. As of the second quarter of 2014, consumers spend roughly 9.94% of their disposable, after tax income, to pay their mortgage obligations, personal loans and car loans.
The financial obligations ratio (FOR) measures the amount of consumer debt in the DSR, but adds to this measure expenses such as car lease payments, rental properties, property taxes and homeowner's insurance. As of the second quarter of 2014, this financial obligations ratio stood at 15.42% for homeowners and renters (national data). In other words, the typical homeowner spends around 15% of their disposable income just to own their homes and cars, while renters historically spend nearly 24% of their income on these same costs each month.
The Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 requires government agencies to compile statistics on individual debtors seeking bankruptcy protection. According to the year-end 2013 report:
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