Defensive Investment Strategy


The term defensive investment strategy refers to the building of a portfolio that attempts to minimize the risk of losing principal.  Typically, a larger portion of a defensive portfolio's funds are allocated to fixed income securities than equities.


A defensive strategy is a portfolio allocation that is willing to give up higher returns in exchange for reduced risk.  This type of portfolio is well suited to individuals with low risk tolerance scores.  Typically, a larger percentage of the asset's funds will be allocated to fixed income securities, such as bonds, and a smaller percentage allocated to equities, such as common stocks.  The primary objective of a defensive investment strategy is the preservation of capital.

As is the case with other strategies, a defensive portfolio requires rebalancing to maintain the desired asset allocation.  The portfolio will not only contain investment quality bonds of long and short term duration, but also a number of large cap stocks.  The entire portfolio will also be spread across a number of industries to reduce risk through diversification.

Related Terms

market volatility strategy, capital growth strategy, dynamic asset allocation, aggressive investment strategy, strategic asset allocation