The process or tools an individual can use to gain insights into their likes and dislikes at work is called a career assessment. Typically, this is a formal process and the career assessment is conducted by an outside service provider or administered through a detailed questionnaire.
Some career assessments aim to match the individual's knowledge, style of thinking, skills, aptitudes, and basic needs to an ideal job. For example, they may determine the factors an individual feels are important while at work. Other assessment tools might create an inventory of the individual's career interests.
The purpose of a career assessment is to help the individual make better decisions about the types of jobs they should seek in the future. When done correctly, the career assessment will help the individual pursue a career path that maximizes their chances for success, and places them in job positions they will enjoy.